Hydrogen is at the heart of the new CO2 reduction project developed by the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO). The latter has selected the Japanese companies Marubeni Corporation and JGC Holding corporation to participate in the Feasibility Study for CO2 Emission Minimization through the Use of Hydrogen Derivatives in China. This study is part of the “International Demonstration Project on Japan’s Energy Efficiency Technologies” according to NS Energy.
A hydrogen study conducted on a Chinese company
China’s Juhua chemical plant in Quzhou City, Zhejiang Province, will be the focus of this study. Indeed, many hydrogen emissions emerge during the electrochemical process of caustic soda production and coal gasification. In total, the company has a large resource of 18,500 Nm³/h. The Japanese companies therefore want to recover this production using mixed hydrogen combustion engines and polymer electrolyte fuel cells to reduce CO2 emissions within the company. With the use of hydrogen as a by-product remaining at around 70%, the country wishes to optimize the technology of its companies to develop its production.
A first step to develop the use of hydrogen
The assessment of the feasibility of Japanese technologies for a “commercialization model of local production for local consumption” using hydrogen as a derivative is expected to be published in 2021. NEDO will then move to a demonstration phase and extend the technology to other regions of China and to the chemical industries in Southeast Asia.
The two Japanese companies also conducted a project on the collection and decomposition of greenhouse gases, jointly with Juhua. In 2019, Marubeni entered into a memorandum of understanding with Juhua to cooperate in building a hydrogen industry cluster and developing it nationwide.
China as a leader in the ecological transition
The country already has an important place in the production of renewable energy. First in hydroelectric and solar photovoltaic production, the country now wants to turn to hydrogen production. In fact, China has classified hydrogen and the fuel cell industry as “strategic emerging industries” in the 13th Five-Year Plan for the Development of Strategic Emerging Industries. The government also released the “White Paper on China’s Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Industry” in 2019.
A new opportunity for China to distinguish itself in the field of energy and to become one of the world leaders in the ecological transition.