Jordan’s energy transition is at the stage of defining ways to increase energy security and diversity of supply in the kingdom. The country has already multiplied its installed renewable energy capacity by 20 in 6 years.
Jordan’s energy transition: from hydrocarbons to electricity
7 key action areas
The Jordanian energy transition has just been the subject of an IRENA report in collaboration with the Jordanian Ministry of Energy. This one is entitled
Renewable Energy Readiness Assessment: The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
It details a series of recommendations grouped around seven priority areas for action:
- Establish favorable conditions for the growth of RE in the electricity sector;
- sustaining the growth of RE production;
- integrating an ever-increasing share of RE in the energy mix;
- promote the use of renewable energy for heating and cooling;
- support renewable options for transportation and mobility;
- Drain investments towards RE;
- Strengthen local industries and job creation in RE.
Switching to an essentially electric system
Firstly, Jordan will have to move from an energy mix dominated by hydrocarbons to an essentially electric system. And to integrate a higher share of RE in the energy mix, the report states the need to build new infrastructure and improve existing ones. Energy transmission, distribution and storage will have to be more efficient. Electrification of heating, air conditioning and vehicles will also be key points.
Partnering with the private sector
The kingdom will need a strong commitment from the private sector. In the transportation sector in particular, the private sector is already expected to take the lead in building an electric charging infrastructure. In support, incentive policies will help motivate local financial institutions and project developers to take responsibility.
20 times more electricity produced from renewable energy sources in 6 years
31% of RE in the energy mix by 2030
The objective of this report is therefore to identify ways to increase energy security and diversity of supply in the kingdom. It complements the country’s 2020-2030 energy strategy. In it, Jordan states the objective of 31% of RE in its energy mix by 2030.
From 1 to 20% of RE in 6 years
According to IRENA’s Director General, Francesco La Camera:
“Jordan has significant potential for RE resources that, if realized, will reduce energy costs for consumers, improve national energy security, create jobs and stimulate sustainable growth.”
For this reason, the country’s public policies have been supporting the deployment of RE for years. This is particularly true for solar and onshore wind power. These few support measures have enabled the kingdom to see its share of electricity generated from RE increase from 1 to 20% from 2014 to 2020.